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What is Robotic Process Automation?

    May 7

    In this article, we'll answer the most common questions people new to RPA have, like:

    • What is RPA?
    • What are the benefits of RPA?
    • What can we integrate using RPA?
    • And which process patterns are best served by RPA?

    So, let’s start with the first question, what is RPA?

    robot-3385181_1280RPA is a collection of technologies, application remote controlling techniques and methodologies that enable software robots (or bots), to perform structured, deterministic, and repetitive tasks normally performed by human operators.

    A couple of points to underscore in this definition.

    First, RPA is not a new or singular technology. Rather, it’s a collection of technologies and capabilities that have been part of the Windows operating system for years. So, while the RPA market is relatively new, the tech that underlies it has been around a while, so it’s pretty mature.

    Second, developing a production-grade robot is not as easy as some vendors would have you believe. In order to implement RPA at scale, you need to employ a design, development and implementation methodology that accurately captures requirements, allows bots to be constructed in a consistent and secure manner and can be easily managed and evolved in production. None of this happens without a plan, which is why employing a proven methodology when implementing RPA is just as important as the vendor tooling that you select.

    What Are the Benefits of RPA?

    Well, there are many, but let’s look at the most important ones:

    • Significant cost reductions. Bots can work 24/7, and type significantly faster than humans can with little think time and no mental switching costs. So, the cost per transaction is often a fraction of what it would cost for a human to perform the same transaction.
    • Improved accuracy. Bots don’t make mistakes. They do exactly what they are instructed to do. If they type the wrong thing, it’s your fault. Oops!
    • Enhanced Security. The fewer people handling your sensitive data and documents means less opportunity for a human-based breech, which are usually the cause of an organization’s most significant security events.
    • Implementing RPA helps with standardizing a process so it can be performed in a more consistent and compliant manner…and hopefully evolved and improved over time based on performance metrics. In other words, you need to know where the bottlenecks are before you can fix them.
    • Finally, and this is the best part, RPA liberates human operators from performing repetitive, and mind-numbing data entry so they can perform higher-value added functions for the organization and its customers. In other words, RPA allows folks to perform the work they were hired to perform in the first place. That alone delivers a ton of value.

    What Can a Bot Integrate?


    While bots are primarily used to integrate and automate applications that have no programmatic points of extensibility, they can pretty much integrate anything. Knowing where to apply RPA versus force fitting it everywhere is a key RPA program success driver.

    First and foremost, RPA can integrate other desktop applications. RPA can integrate any native Windows application, browser-based or even legacy green screen application.

    Flat files such as CSV, TXT or XML, absolutely. Excel spreadsheets? For sure--but keep in mind that there are other ways to get at that data.

    Databases? SQL, NoSQL, ODBC compliant, sure.

    What about web services or proprietary APIs? Without a doubt. All of these data sources can be integrated via an RPA robot an incorporated in an automation. Bottom line, if a human can do it or a programmer can do it, a bot can do it.

    Finally, Which Processes are the Best Candidates for RPA Automation?

    For starters, the candidate process should be repetitive and follow a definable and deterministic set. This doesn’t mean the process has to be simple. In fact, the process can be as complex as you need it to be, but it does have to be deterministic based on a stated set of rules.

    The process should involve structured or semi-structured data. So, we’re talking about high volume transactions. Think form-oriented data like invoices, medical records, loan applications, etc. Processes that require human intuition or involve unstructured data are probably not a good candidate.

    Higher transactional volumes tend to deliver the best returns on investment. While RPA can be used to automate virtually any process, if the process is not performed often or performed by lots of people, the ROI may just not be there.

    And finally, any process where there is an opportunity or physical cost for performing the process slowly or incorrectly, could be a good candidate process. For example, we have a customer who receives hundreds of orders per week from one large customer. As part of that contract, our client is obligated to issue a $75 credit for every order they enter incorrectly. Prior to utilizing RPA, our client was experiencing about a 12% error rate which meant they were issuing thousands of dollars per week in credits. With RPA, not only has the error rate dropped to near zero, thus eliminating all those credits, but they’re also delivering faster turnaround time on every order which makes their customer real happy.

    That’s it! Now you have a foundational understanding of what RPA is, why it’s valuable and where it can be applied.

    If you would like to learn more about RPA and how to realize the benefits of it, get on a call with Ryan, our subject matter expert. You can schedule some time with him and check his schedule by clicking this button below.



    Posted by Ryan White
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